qb

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Introduction

qb is a fluent query builder for ColdBox. It is heavily inspired by Eloquent from Laravel.

Using qb, you can:

  • Quickly scaffold simple queries
  • Make complex, out-of-order queries possible
  • Abstract away differences between database engines

Requirements

  • Adobe ColdFusion 11+
  • Lucee 4.5+

Installation

Installation is easy through CommandBox and ForgeBox. Simply type box install qb to get started.

Code Samples

Compare these two examples:

// Plain old CFML
q = queryExecute("SELECT * FROM users");

// qb
query = wirebox.getInstance('Builder@qb');
q = query.from('users').get();

The differences become even more stark when we introduce more complexity:

// Plain old CFML
q = queryExecute(
    "SELECT * FROM posts WHERE published_at IS NOT NULL AND author_id IN ?",
    [ { value = '5,10,27', cfsqltype = 'CF_SQL_NUMERIC', list = true } ]
);

// qb
query = wirebox.getInstance('Builder@qb');
q = query.from('posts')
         .whereNotNull('published_at')
         .whereIn('author_id', [5, 10, 27])
         .get();

With qb you can easily handle setting order by statements before the columns you want or join statements after a where clause:

query = wirebox.getInstance('Builder@qb');
q = query.from('posts')
         .orderBy('published_at')
         .select('post_id', 'author_id', 'title', 'body')
         .whereLike('author', 'Ja%')
         .join('authors', 'authors.id', '=', 'posts.author_id')
         .get();

// Becomes

q = queryExecute(
    "SELECT post_id, author_id, title, body FROM posts INNER JOIN authors ON authors.id = posts.author_id WHERE author LIKE ? ORDER BY published_at",
    [ { value = 'Ja%', cfsqltype = 'CF_SQL_VARCHAR', list = false, null = false } ]
);

qb enables you to explore new ways of organizing your code by letting you pass around a query builder object that will compile down to the right SQL without you having to keep track of the order, whitespace, or other SQL gotchas!

Here's a gist with an example of the powerful models you can create with this! https://gist.github.com/elpete/80d641b98025f16059f6476561d88202

Usage

To start a new query, instantiate a new Builder: wirebox.getInstance('Builder@qb').

By default, qb uses a generic Grammar. You can specify your specific grammar in ColdBox by setting the defaultGrammar in your moduleSettings.

moduleSettings = {
    qb = {
        defaultGrammar = "MySQLGrammar"
    }
};

If you are not using WireBox, just make sure to wire up the Builder object with the correct grammar:

var grammar = new qb.models.Query.Grammars.MySQLGrammar();
var builder = new qb.models.Query.Builder( grammar );

Return Format

You can influence the return format of the result in two ways.

By default, qb returns an array of structs as the result of your query. You can turn this behavior off by setting builder.setReturningArrays( false ) for one-offs or setting returningArrays = false in your ColdBox config.

moduleSettings = {
    qb = {
        returningArrays = false
    }
};

If you want complete control over your return result, you can provide a closure as a returnFormat. The results of the closure will be returned as the results of the builder.

moduleSettings = {
    qb = {
        returnFormat = function( q ) {
            return application.wirebox.getInstance(
                name = "Collection",
                initArguments = { collection = q }
            );
        }
    }
};

Interception Points

Two interception points are available from QB: preQBExecute and postQBExecute. These fire before and after the queryExecute call, respectively. The following information is available in the interceptData struct:

Name Type Description
sql String The sql string to execute
bindings Struct The struct of bindings (keys and values) for the query
options Struct Any options to pass along to queryExecute

Contributors

Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):


Tony Junkes

📝 📖

Eric Peterson

💬 📝 🐛 💻 🎨 📖 💡 👀 📢 ⚠️

Andrew Davis

🐛 💻 📖

Dan Murphy

🐛 💻

John Whish

💬 💻

Tim Brown

💻

This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!

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